The Implication is Big! Matthew 16:13-20

The Implication is Big!

The Text:

Matthew 16:13-20 Now when Jesus came into the district of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, “Who do people say that the Son of Man is?” And they said, “Some say John the Baptist, others say Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.” He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” Simon Peter replied, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” And Jesus answered him, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven. And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.” Then he strictly charged the disciples to tell no one that he was the Christ.” (ESV)

Delegation:

Before we look at the text in depth, we should refresh ourselves with the words and definitions of delegation and delegate. For this, we will first refer to Webster’s definitions of the common use of these words within our language.

1del·e·gate noun \ˈde-li-gət, -ˌgāt\

Definition of DELEGATE

: a person acting for another: as a representative of authority

Examples of DELEGATE

  • The U.N. delegates from African countries
  • He’s been chosen as a delegate to the convention.

Origin of DELEGATE

Middle English delegat, from Medieval Latin delegatus, from Latin, past participle of delegare to delegate, from de- + legare to send

First Known Use: 15th century

Synonyms: agent, ambassador, emissary, envoy, legate, minister, and representative

2del·e·gate verb \-ˌgāt\

del·e·gat·ed or del·e·gat·ing

Definition of DELEGATE

1

: To entrust to another <delegate authority>

2

: To appoint as one’s representative

Intransitive verb

: To assign responsibility or authority <a good manager knows how to delegate>

del·e·ga·tee noun

del·e·ga·tor noun

Examples of DELEGATE

  • A manager should delegate authority to the best employees.
  • Those chores can be delegated to someone else.
  • He doesn’t delegate very well.

First Known Use of DELEGATE

1530

Related to DELEGATE

Synonyms: commission, depute, and deputize

Returning to the Text and Specifically Verse 19:

Matthew 16:13-20 Now when Jesus came into the district of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, “Who do people say that the Son of Man is?” And they said, “Some say John the Baptist, others say Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets.” He said to them, “But who do you say that I am?” Simon Peter replied, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” And Jesus answered him, “Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven. And I tell you, you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.” Then he strictly charged the disciples to tell no one that he was the Christ.” (ESV)

This single verse, Matthew 16:19, may be one of the most important single verses contained within the whole of the New Testament to Christians alive today.

Let Us Take a Close Look at Four Key Parts to this Passage:

  1. 1. Who was Jesus talking to in the passage?
    1. He is not talking to the Jews.
    2. He is not talking to the crowds that were following Him.
    3. Jesus is talking directly to His disciples. This Greek word translated “disciples” refers to those that were being directly taught by Jesus. From many other scriptures we know that the disciples that were being directly being taught by Jesus were the twelve apostles.
    4. Therefore Jesus was talking directly to the Twelve Apostles in this text.
  2. 2. What is the topic of this passage?

The topic of the passage is clear and unmistakable. “Who is Jesus?”

  1. 3. What was the response of the passage?
    1. The first response was John the Baptist.
    2. The second was Elijah.
    3. The third was Jeremiah or another of the prophets of old.
    4. The final response was the Christ, the Son of the living God.
  2. 4. What was the reward given in the passage?
    1. The reward for the correct answer was the full and complete delegated authority over the New Kingdom or Church that Jesus would be soon establishing.
    2. This authority was delegated to all the apostles’ not just Peter as most assume when doing a cursory reading of this passage.
    3. Jesus was never only talking to just Peter in this passage, but addressing the entire collective group of the apostles as a whole even though it was Peter who gave the answer for the twelve.

Therefore, if this single verse, Matthew 16:19, is one of the most important single verses contained within the whole of the New Testament to Christians alive today, it begs two very important questions to be answered.

  1. What does Jesus mean by or is implying by this statement?
  2. How does this statement impact Christians today?

The Implications of Jesus’ Statement:

Jesus statement was that Peter’s statement was the ROCK on which the Church would be established and the gates of hell would not prevail against it. Jesus never gave all authority to Peter alone in this passage. The context of the passage does not agree with that conclusion.

The context of the passage does agree with the conclusion that Jesus give complete and total authority to all the twelve of the apostles to have and exercise authority over what would be required in the New Kingdom or Church and what would not be required in the New Kingdom or Church.

The Impact Christians Today:

The impact on Christians today is very simple. What apostle said what?

Which apostle issued what decree or what direction on what subjects?

  • Daily Living
  • Salvation
  • Marriage
  • Divorce
  • How to Worship
  • The Lord’s Supper
  • Helping the Needy
  • Family
  • Relationships

What did the apostles actually bind on earth?

What did the apostles actually loose on earth?

If you honestly believe Jesus – believe He gave the apostles this authority.

Guy Lewis: Payson, Arizona

January 22, 2011

 

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